Civil War Blog

A project of PA Historian

Monuments at Pennsylvania – 46th Pennsylvania Infantry

Posted By on October 23, 2014

046thPA-Inquirer-1889-09-11-001a The 46th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument at Gettysburg is located southeast of Gettysburg on Slocum Avenue on Culp’s Hill.  It was dedicated in September 1889 as part of the installment of multiple monuments to Pennsylvania regiments.  The drawing of the monument (above) is from the Philadelphia Inquirer‘s coverage of the monument dedications.  A view of the monument can also be found at Steven Recker’s Virtual Gettysburg Web Site which has more information about the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry.

A full description of the monument, its GPS coordinates, a picture, and some of the history of the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry is available at the Stone Sentinels Web Site.


The only available copy of the Philadelphia Inquirer article of 11 September 1889 had the left margin cut off and was difficult to read.  The concluding line read:

After an ——— resistance of several hours the enemy was driven back at the point of the bayonet.  The 46th loss, owing to their sheltered position, was inconsiderable.



James L. Selfridge (1824-1887)

James L. Selfridge served as the commander of the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg.   Prior to serving at the Headquarters of the 46th, he had served as a Captain of the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry for the first three months of the Civil War.  He was 40 years old and was from Northampton County, Pennsylvania.  No other personal information is available on the Pennsylvania Veterans’ Index Card from the Pennsylvania Archives.


On 10 May 1863, Selfridge was promoted to Colonel, the position he held at Gettysburg. On 16 March 1865 he was recognized as Brevet Brigadier General.

On 19 May 1887, Gen. Selfridge committed suicide in Philadelphia.  He was buried with full military honors at Nisky Hill Cemetery (Old Moravian), Bethlehem, Northampton County.  For further information about him see his Findagrave Memorial.


Around the base of the Pennsylvania Memorial at Gettysburg are a series of plaques which, by regiment and company, note the names of every soldier who was present at the Battle of Gettysburg.  The plaque for the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry is pictured below.  By clicking on the plaque it should enlarge so the names can be more easily read.  If a name does not appear, it could be that the soldier did serve in the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry, but was not part of the regiment during its days at Gettysburg.


For a prior post on this plaque, see:  46th Pennsylvania Infantry – Pennsylvania Memorial at Gettysburg.


The news clipping is from the on-line resources of the Free Library of Philadelphia.





Jonathan J. Hoke – Shoemaker of Elizabethville

Posted By on October 22, 2014

The shoemaker, Jonathan J. Hoke (1825-1903) is buried at Matter’s Church Cemetery, Elizabethville, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.  At his grave, there is a G.A.R. star-flag holder.  The photograph (above) is linked to the Findagrave Memorial for Jonathan J. Hoke.  In a recent visit to the Matter’s Church Cemetery, a photograph was taken for the Civil War Research Project, and the same G.A.R. star-flag holder was seen, but with no flag:


In the 1890 Census, a Jonathan J. Hoke reported that he had served in the 172nd Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D, as a Private from 22 October 1862 through discharge on 31 July 1863.


Click on document to enlarge.

At the time of the 1890 Census, that Jonathan J. Hoke, was living in Joliett, Schuylkill County.

A biographical sketch appeared on page 1120 of the Commemorative Biographical Encyclopedia of Dauphin County, published in 1896:

Jonathan Hoke, shoemaker, Washington Township, was born in Washington Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 25 December 1825, son of Isaac Hoke and Catherine [Botts] Hoke.  The grandfather, Rudolph Hoke, was a native of Pennsylvania, and died in Washington Township, then Miflin Township.

The father [Isaac Hoke] was born in Washington Township, then Mifflin Township in 1804.  He learned the trade of shoemaker and followed that occupation.  He owned a farm in Jackson Township on which he lived for some years.  After the death of his wife he went West and settled on a farm in Indiana.  Afterwards he lived some time with his daughter, Emeline [Hoke] Shoop, and moved with her to Kansas.  He returned to his old home and died at Elizabethville in 1893, aged eight-nine years.  His wife died many years ago and both are buried at Elizabethville.  Their children were:  Mary Ann Hoke; Jonathan Hoke; Catherine Hoke; William Hoke, deceased; Elizabeth Hoke; Sarah Hoke; and Emeline Hoke (Mrs. Shoop).

Jonathan attended the subscription schools of his native township and when young he learned the trade of shoemaker, and has followed that occupation most of his life.  he was for some time employed in building the Summit Branch railroad, received wages for his services at the rate of $1 per day.  He was married in Washington Township in 1857 to Miss Carrie E. Walter, and their children are:  Aaron D. Hoke; and Catherine Hoke, died in infancy.  After marriage he went to housekeeping in Elizabethville, where he has since resided, and where he owns several lots.  He is a Republican in politics, and has served as tax collector and in other offices.  He was reared in the Reformed Church.

Conflicting or unresolved information from the biographical sketch includes the fact that there is no mention of Civil War service and the statement, “Elizabethville, where he has since resided.”  The Census of 1890, was clearly before the 1896 publication of the Commemorative Biographical Encyclopedia.  Was this a different Jonathan J. Hoke who served in the 172nd Pennsylvania Infantry who lived in Joliett in 1890?

A search for a Jonathan Hoke in the 172 Pennsylvania Infantry produced zero results in the Pennsylvania Veterans’ Card File at the Pennsylvania Archives.  Similarly, no results were found in the Fold3 military records.  And, no such name was found in the Registers of Pennsylvania Volunteers for Company D.  The closest name located in that regiment was a Jonas Hoke, who served in Company A, and, according to his Pension Index Card from Fold3, died on 18 December 1890.

However, there is a Jonathan Hoke who served in the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company B, as a Private, who died at Jeffersonville Indiana, on 2 June 1862.


Coincidentally, this Jonathan Hoke [who died in 1862] was also a shoemaker by occupation, resided in Dauphin County, and enrolled at Berrysburg, Dauphin County – in close proximity to both Washington Township and Elizabethville!  However, the age of this Jonathan Hoke differs greatly from the one buried at Elizabethville as does the date of death.  Could the one buried at Elizabethville be the father of the one who died at Jeffersonville, Indiana?  In the Commemorative Biographical Encyclopedia sketch, there is no mention of a son of Jonathan Hoke named Jonathan; the only children named are Aaron D. Hoke and Catherine Hoke (see text above).


The mystery deepens with a further examination of the record of the Jonathan Hoke who served in the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry who died at Jeffersonville, Indiana.  On the above Pension Index Card from Ancestry.com, the mother of the one who died in the war applied for a pension on 14 June 1882.  Her name at the time of application was Susannah Burtnet (different surname a result of re-marriage) – clearly a different Jonathan Hoke.

All this leaves more unanswered questions:

1) Why is there a G.A.R. star-flagholder at the grave of Jonathan Hoke (1825-1903) who is buried at Matter’s Cemetery in Elizabethville?  Was he a veteran of the Civil War, and if so, what was his regiment and company?

2) Who is the Jonathan J. Hoke who in 1890 claimed service in the 172nd Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D, for which no record has been located of that service?  If this is a different one than the one buried at Matter’s Cemetery in Elizabethville, then where is he buried and was he a Civil War veteran?

3) Who was the Jonathan Hoke who was a shoemaker from the Berrysburg area who died at Jeffersonville, Indiana in 1862?  Where is buried?  The answer to these questions will probably be found in the mother’s pension application file at the National Archives, which was not consulted for this blog post.

Help is requested to separate these three men and their possible/probable military service records.  The challenge is issued to readers of this blog to provide answers.  Add comments to his post or send by e-mail.





Monuments at Gettysburg – 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry

Posted By on October 21, 2014

The 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry (13th Pennsylvania Reserves or Bucktails) Monument at Gettysburg is located south of the town of Gettysburg on the summit of Big Round Top.  It was not dedicated until September 1890 due to the conflict between what the regiment wanted (a memorial hall for all the reserve units) and the Pennsylvania governor who vetoed the proposal.  The view of the monument (above) is from Steven Recker’s Virtual Gettysburg Web Site which has more information about the monument and the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry.

A full description of the monument, its GPS coordinates, a photograph, and some of the history of the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry can be found on the Stone Sentinels Web Site.  In addition, there is information about Sergeant James B. Thompson who received the Medal of Honor for his heroics at the Battle of Gettysburg.



Why the 42nd Will Not Dedicate.

The “Bucktails” were the sharpshooters connected with the Pennsylvania Reserves.  These Reserves desire to combine the $150 voted each Pennsylvania regiment and erect on the field at Gettysburg a grand emorial building instead of individual monuments.  By judicial decision this $1500 can only be used for monumental purposes.  The 42nd, Bucktails, will participate with their comrades, 150 strong.  They hope in the near future to have something to dedicate.


Charles F. Taylor (1840-1863)

Charles F. Taylor commanded the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg.  On the second day of the battle, he was killed in action.

Taylor was born on 6 February 1840 in Chester County, Pennsylvania.  He was a 21 year old farmer when he enrolled in the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry as the Captain of Company H.  On 1 March 1863 he was promoted to Colonel of the regiment.  At the spot where he was killed, the Bucktails have placed a monument to him.

Charles Frederick Taylor is buried at Longwood Cemetery, Kennett Square, Chester County, Pennsylvania.  More information about him can be found at his Findagrave Memorial.


William R. Hartshorne (1839-1905)

William R. Hartshorne, who had helped to raise one of the companies in the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry, took over command of this regiment at Gettysburg upon the death of Colonel Taylor.  Following his leadership of the Bucktails as Major, he helped form the 190th Pennsylvania Infantry, where he served for the remainder of the war.  On 13 March 1865 he was honored with the rank of Brevet Brigadier General.

Gen. Hartshorne is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery, Curwensville, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania.  More information about him can be found at his Findagrave Memorial.


Around the base of the Pennsylvania Memorial at Gettysburg are a series of plaques which, by regiment and company, note the names of every soldier who was present at the Battle of Gettysburg.  The plaque for the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry is pictured below.  By clicking on the plaque it should enlarge so the names can be more clearly read.  If a name does not appear, it could be that the soldier did serve in the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry, but was not part of the regiment during its days in Gettysburg.  There could also be errors on the plaque.




The news clipping is from the on-line resources of the Free Library of Philadelphia.


Obituary of Isaiah T. Enders

Posted By on October 20, 2014


The obituary of Civil War veteran Isaiah T. Enders appeared in the Harrisburg Patriot on 22 March 1912:


Was Walking Near His Home When Seized with Fatal Attack of Heart Failure — Was Veteran of the Civil War

Overcome with heart failure last evening at Third and Peffer Streets, Isaiah F. Enders died less than a half hour later at the home of his son, Robert A. Enders, Third and Maclay Streets.  Mr. Enders was 68 years old, having been born at Enders 13 August 1843.  During the Civil War he was a Private in Company E, Ninth Pennsylvania Cavalry [9th Pennsylvania Cavalry].  He served with distinction throughout the war, and under General Kirkpatrick on Sherman march to the sea.

For six years previous to his removal from Enders to this city he served as a director of the poor, and in 1882 he started a grocery business in Harrisburg.  Prominent in the organization of the Sixth Street and Commercial Banks and connected with the Palatine Insurance Company, Mr. Enders was a progressive business man of the West End and for many years was an active member of the Sixth Street United Brethren Church.  He was also a member of the Junior O. U. A. M. and the I. O. O. F.  The arrangements for the funeral have not been completed.


Note:  Isaiah Enders was most often found in the records as “Isaiah T. Enders,” not “Isaiah F. Enders” as is stated in the obituary.  On his death certificate, a portion of which is shown below, his middle initial appears to be an issue – originally listed as “F” and then crossed out and replaced with a “T.”  The full death certificate is available through Ancestry.com.


Jacob Herbert Rowe – Insurance Agent at Millersburg

Posted By on October 17, 2014


The “J. H. Rowe” whose name appears on the Millersburg Soldier Monument, was Jacob Herbert Rowe, born 25 April 1841 in Pennsylvania, the son of Jeremiah Rowe and Jane [Shower] Rowe, and died at Millersburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, of senile dementia, on 21 June 1928.  He is buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery, Millersburg.  At the time of his death, he was a retired insurance agent.  Shown below is his death certificate (from Ancestry.com) and a photograph of his grave marker.




A brief biographical sketch of Jacob H. Rowe appeared on page 625 of a biographical history of Dauphin County:

Jacob H. Rowe, of Millersburg, was born 25 April 1841, near New Germantown, Perry County, Pennsylvania, a son of Jeremiah Rowe, and grandson of Jacob Rowe, born about 1772, in Lehigh County, and about 1800 or earlier migrated to Perry County.

Jacob H. Rowe, son of Jeremiah Rowe and Jane [Showers] Rowe, received his primary education in the public schools of Perry Pounty, where he passed to Loysville Academy, where he completed his studies in 1861.  He enlisted in Company H, One Hundred and Thirty-third Regiment [133rd Pennsylvania Infantry], Pennsylvania Volunteers, August 9, 1861, and served nine months, participating in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.  After his discharge from the service he resided in Ohio until 1867, when he returned to Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, and carried on a general store at Pillow until 1870.  The following year he went to Millersburg, where he engaged in the insurance business, and later he took two of his sons into partnership under the firm name of J. H. Rowe & Sons.  Mr. Rowe belongs to Post No. 212, Grand Army of the Republic; the Knights of Malta and the Modern Woodmen.  In politics he is a Republican.  He and his family are members of the Lutheran church.

Mr. Rowe married, 25 September, 1866, Leila Wirt, born 16 November 1839, daughter of John George Wirt and Catherine [Dreiblebis] Wirt, and they are the parents of three sons:  George Wirt Rowe, born 26 August 1868, of Germantown, married Mary R. Chaplain, of Philadelphia, and has three children:  Donald Chaplain Rowe, Albert Wirt Rowe and Chaplain Wirt RoweJeremiah Alvin Wirt, born 30 October 1869, of Millersburg, married Anna Fellenbaum, has one child, Alvin WirtHerbert Wenrich Rowe, born 3 November 1873, also of Millersburg, married Gertrude Kreeper, no children.

Leila Wirt is also found in the records with her surname spelled as Wert and Wirth and with her given name as Delilah, Lula, Leila, and Lila.

A photograph of the grave marker of Leila Rowe, also in Oak Hill Cemetery, appears below:



The Pension Index Card (above from Fold3) notes the dates of 27 January 1900, when Jacob first applied for a Civil War pension, and 21 Jun3 1928, when Jacob died at Millersburg.

Since Leila Rowe died before her husband, there were no widow’s pension benefits when Jacob died.


Additional information is sought about this veteran.  Comments can be added to this post or sent by e-mail.